Pearland TX

Does Pearland need two ESD’S?

Pearland consents to putting two Brazoria County emergency service districts to a vote

Community Impact Newspaper

Pearland City Council on Monday gave two emergency service districts consent to move forward to a popular vote in November, despite city staff recommending that only one district be created rather than two separate ones.

The council unanimously backed the creation of ESD 4, comprising most of the city’s ETJ.

ESD 5 passed with a 5-2 vote. Several council members spoke in opposition to the idea of the second district but expressed a preference for residents to make the ultimate decision in November.

“From a legal standpoint, there should just be one ESD,” Council Member Derrick Reed said. “I don’t see anything wrong with the voters deciding. But I hope you all as voters become more educated about what an ESD is, what the end result could be.”

If authorized by voters, the new ESDs would have a county-appointed board and would begin making preparations to collect property taxes and negotiate with service providers, such as the city of Pearland, though they could also opt to partner with other agencies. The soonest they could begin collecting property taxes would be in 2020, according to city documents.

In March, the city decided it would end emergency services to its extraterritorial jurisdiction as of Dec. 31 after it was compelled to release several communities from an annexation late last year. As a result, these areas had to come up with a way to secure services through direct negotiations with the city or by creating an ESD.

The city estimates ESD 4 could collect around $850,000 from the maximum property tax within its boundaries—10 cents per $100 valuation—and ESD 5 could collect around $614,000. However, the city’s financial model suggests that providing services to these areas would cost about $1.4 million and $711,000, respectively. That means that neither district would be able to fully cover the cost of service, but it would be more than the city is currently getting, City Manager Clay Pearson said.

“The fact is, we’re absorbing 100 percent right now,” Pearson said.

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